Top 6 Things You Can Do to Keep Your PC and Privacy Safe

You may have learnt some tips to protect your computer from malware before finding this post. However, I dare you have nothing to lose, if you spend a few minutes reading through this post. By knowing and following the 6 things introduced below, you can, I guarantee, keep your computer and privacy safe. But what the heck are they? Let’s see them now!

  • Always update operating system and software.
  • Enable firewall whenever you are online.
  • Use a reliable and up-to-date antivirus program.
  • Maximize the security potential of your web browsers.
  • Practice good online safety habits.
  • Back up your files and data on a regular basis.

1
One of the most important things you can do to protect your computer should be updating you operating system timely. Malware always takes advantage of the system vulnerabilities to break into your computer. If you fail to install the latest updates in a timely manner, your system will be unable to fight against the latest malware attacks. You know getting malware can lead to various unwanted problems, such as destruction of data and theft of personal information. Therefore, it is important that you configure your system to perform automatic updates so as to ensure that your computer has the latest protection.

For guides to update your operating system, please check the following links:
How to Update Windows
How to Update Windows Mac OS X
How to Update Unix/Linux

Updating software installed on your PC is also a good method to defense against the most common malware from the online world, especially for computers running Windows. Keep in mind that many types of malware exploit security flaws in your outdated software to attack your computer. By ignoring the software updates, you might open a door for malware to come in. Luckily, software vendors often releases updates for software that has flaws in order to improve the performance, stability and security of the software. Hence, you should regularly update software installed on your PC to fix the vulnerabilities and keep your computer as secure as possible. If your software is not set for instant update, you can visit its official website to download the update.

Bonus: If are a Windows user, you can use a program called Secunia PSI to help check if any software installed on your computer is behind on updates.


3

Although an antivirus program doesn’t offer a perfect solution to the problem of malware, it is still suggested that you use a reliable antivirus product and keep it up-to-date, since this is a critical first step to secure your PC. An up-to-date antivirus program can effectively block and remove the most majority of the malware threats. Many antivirus programs support automatic updates of malware definitions. It is recommended that you use these automatic updates when available. This ensures that your antivirus program can block or catch the latest malware.

Criteria to choose an antivirus program:

  • Reliability
  • Usability
  • Comprehensive protection
  • Quality of protection

For the detailed information, please visit here.

 

Some antivirus programs recommended:

spyhunter-productSpyHunter

Download SpyHunter

SpyHunter is an anti-malware program that delivers intuitive real-time protection, powerful anti-rootkit technology, tailor-made malware fixes, live technical support and other key features.

Key features:

  • Malware Protection
  • Compact OS
  • System Guards
  • Exclusions
  • One-On-One Customer Support
  • Latest Malware Definition Updates
  • User-Friendly Interface
  • Custom Malware Fixes

Video: Easy Steps to Install and Use SpyHunter to Remove Threats

Please watch in full-screen mode:


Malwarebytes BoxMalwarebytes

Download Malwarebytes

Malwarebytes is a powerful program that detects and removes worms, Trojans, rootkits, rogues, spyware, and other dangerous malware from your home PC.

Key features:

  • Detects and protects against malware in real-time
  • Blocks hacking and phishing attempts
  • Schedules automatic scanning
  • Offers three flexible scanning modes

Video: Simple Steps to Install and Use Malwarebytes to Remove Threats 

Please watch in full-screen mode:

spyware-detector-boxMax Spyware Detector

Download Max Spyware Detector

Max Spyware Detector is an advanced anti-spyware program specially designed to scan, detect, delete and recover spyware with an option of quick and full scan.

Key features:

  • Enhanced Detection
  • Advanced Blocking
  • Active Monitoring
  • Complete Removal
  • Instant Support

Video: How to Install and Use Spyware Detector to Remove Threats? 

Please watch in full-screen mode:

Note: Keep in mind that if you are going to install one of these programs on your computer, you need to make sure that you download it from its official site or other trustworthy sources.


2
A firewall is a network security system that controls the incoming and outgoing network traffic based on an applied rule set. A firewall typically establishes a barrier between a trusted, secure internal network and another network (e.g., the Internet) that is assumed not to be secure and trusted. Almost every operating system has a built-in firewall. However, it may be shipped in the “off” mode. To be effective, you need to make sure that your firewall is enabled when you are online.

This picture below shows how firewall works:
How-Firewalls-Work


4

You may install some of popular web browsers, like Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox and Google Chrome on your computer. However, you may not know that an increasing number of malware threats try to take advantage of the vulnerabilities in your web browsers to attack your computer and steal your personal information. Therefore, maximize the security potential of your web browsers is an important steps you need to take in order to protect your PC and personal privacy.

You can refer to the guides in these posts:

Securing Your Web Browser

The Ultimate Guide to Secure your Online Browsing: Chrome, Firefox and Internet Explorer


5

To keep your computer and private information safe, it is vital that you not only secure your computer with firewall and antivirus program, but also practice good online safety habits. You can follow the guidelines given below:

  • Do not open email attachments sent by an unknown, suspicious or untrustworthy person.
  • Do not click on suspicious links you receive in emails. It is possible that you are redirected to phishing sites or other deceptive sites.
  • Do not click on links or open files that unknown people have sent to you via instant messenging applications.
  • Do not download and install free software from unreliable sources. If you have to do so, please run a malware scanning beforehand.
  • Do not click on ads that promote products or services too good to be true, since those ads only aim to lure you into clicking on them and redirect you to some misleading or malicious sites.
  • Do not browse websites full of many pop-up ads, in-text ads banners and sponsored links. Sites like these tend to contain malicious
  • Do not install the recommended software on a pop-up window which states that your computer has been infected by viruses. This may be a scam which attempts to trick you into installing a malware program.
  • When visiting websites, make sure that the web address begins with “https”instead of “http”, since “https”means that the websites you are visiting are secure.
  • Secure your online accounts with long and strong passwords. Besides, it is a better idea that you separate passwords for every account.

7Backing up your files and data cannot help block malware; however, it is still an important step you need to take. Malware may damage your files and steal data stored on your computer after infecting your machine. Backing up your files can help you avert disaster. If you do a backup on a regular basis, you can retrieve your files and data, if not all of them, if malware attacks your computer and damages your files.

Some tips for backing up your computer:

  • Use an external hard disk, CDs, DVDs, or other storage medium for your backup copies. Or upload data to an Internet-based file-storage service. Whatever you do, don’t just copy files to another location on your hard disk.
  • Label the medium with the date and time of the backup. Don’t erase the previous backup until you have made a new one.
  • Back up anything you can’t replace easily, such as financial information, digital photos, music or programs you bought and downloaded from the Web, and school projects. For these types of files, you can simply copy and paste the file into the backup medium.
  • If you use an email program that is installed on your computer (such as Microsoft Outlook), back up important email messages and your email address book. Some email programs include an export feature for backing up important data.
  • If you’re trying to save time or space when backing up your computer, consider backing up only your personal data. Don’t copy programs like Microsoft Outlook or your operating system. They can be reinstalled from the original CDs you purchased or from the system-restore CDs that came with your computer, or they can be downloaded from the manufacturer’s website.
  • If you use your computer occasionally, back up your data once a week. If you use your computer every day, a daily backup of the files you use most often or modified that day is a good idea.
  • To be sure you’ve backed up every file, use backup software. A list of backup products is in theYahoo Directory. Your operating system may also include backup features.
  • In case your computer’s hard drive fails, make sure you have a copy of your operating system on a CD for reinstallation. If your computer was shipped without a copy of the operating system, contact the manufacturer for a copy.

Here is the step-by-step guide to back up your files: http://www.gcflearnfree.org/techsavvy/backing-up-your-files/full.


Antivirus programs offered to download:

 

SpyHunter: http://guides.uufix.com/Spyhunter_Download.php

Malwarebytes: http://guides.uufix.com/Malwarebytes_Download.php

Max Spyware Detector: http://guides.uufix.com/MaxSpywareDetector_Download.php


Source:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Firewall_(computing)
http://blog.thenetworkhardware.com/features-and-functions-of-firewalls
https://safety.yahoo.com/Security/BACKUP.html

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